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ochna serrulata medicinal uses

Compounds 2, 3, and 4 showed antimalarial activity with IC50s of 38.43, 26.52, and 40.72 µM, respectively. summer. Knowledge and Plant ID. More images of Micky Mouse Bush. Ochna serrulata (commonly known as the small-leaved plane, carnival ochna, bird's eye bush, Mickey mouse plant or Mickey Mouse bush due to the plant's ripe blackfruit, which upside down resembles the ears of Mickey Mouse, and bright-red sepals, which resembles his trousers) is an ornamental garden plant in the family Ochnaceae which is indigenous to South Africa. This prevalence on private property, their tendency to spread into bushland due to bird-attracting berries, and the difficulty involved in controlling them, has resulted in Ochna being declared one of Forster's "Big Bad Three" weeds. Aromatic. Members are shrubs or trees. Kostel. Homonyms Ochna serrulata Walp. Studies Additional It is common on quartzite or granite hills, mostly on the northern side of koppies. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Mickey mouse plant/ bush is a common name shared by (1) Ochna serrulata, bird's eye bush, and (2) Solanum mammosum, utong : Solanum mammosum is an accepted name. 479.1. Less frequently grown as a hedge. Constituents In this study, we investigate the potential cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of five Ochna species previously reported to have good antibacterial activity against four nosocomial pathogenic bacteria, namely Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Makhafola and Eloff, 2012). Yellow flower petals drop very quickly after which the floral receptacle and 5 sepals become swollen and turn bright red. The plant with shiny green leaves blooms in sweet smelling yellow flowers. Birds Eye Bush, Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Ochna, Mickey Mouse Plant, Carnival Bush. Ochna serrulata, commonly known as Mickey Mouse plant or carnival bush, is a small, loose, open, semi-evergreen shrub which typically grows to 4-8’ tall and 3-4’ wide.It is native to the eastern provinces of South Africa where it occurs in a number of different habitats including forest margins, forested areas, open rocky slopes and grassland. The Plant List : ... Plagiarism of the Compilation on Philippine Medicinal Plants Under the Guise of Fair Use. In the RSA there are 2 genera and 13 species. - Etymology: Ochna, of Greek origin from the word Ochne means 'wild pear'; serrulata, of Latin origin from the word serrula means 'little saw' referring to the fine-toothed margins of the leaves. It is the larval host plant of the Karkloof Emperor and the Marieps Emperor butterflies. Noteworthy Characteristics. 8a-11b. Ochna serrulata. Ochna serrulata. Published on the internet. See more ideas about mickey mouse, mickey, plants. O. natalitia while having some of these properties, would probably not be as useful as some species, such as O. pretoriensis, O. gamostigmata and O. pulchra which have been recorded to have substantial antibacterial activity. their traditional uses. The plant extracts were relatively cytotoxic but not genotoxic. The extracts were almost equally toxic to all three cell lines with LC 50 values ranging from 0.026 to 0.099 mg/ml. (3) This plant has no fragrance. Also known as. Family • Flowering. An attractive shrub or small tree with narrow, elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins. The young spring foliage is a beautiful pinkish-bronze, maturing to glossy green. Ochna serrulata is a shrub that grows up to 1.5 meters high. Ochna integerrima is a medicinal and ornamental plant, is widely distributed in Southeast Asia areas. of Family Ebenaceae and Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Ireland. It is similar to Ochna kirkii, also called Mickey Mouse plant, which has larger and rounder leaves and larger flowers. There’s a similar species, Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush, Small-leaved Plane), a plant that is declared an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. (1)Starr, F. and K. Starr. The young spring foliage is a beautiful pinkish-bronze, maturing to glossy green. - In Thailand, root used for diarrhea and hallucination. Ochna serrulata also demonstrated slight toxic activity against Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination test. bird's eye bush, bird's-eye bush, carnival bush, ochna, Mickey Mouse plant, Mickey Mouse bush, small-leaved plane Ochna integerrima is a deciduous shrub or tree that can grow up to 12 metres tall. The compounds showed not cytotoxicity against three different cancer cell lines tested. Wetland Status. Medicinal: Used to treat infections and gangrenous rectitis in traditional … Approximately 60-80% of the South African population relies on traditional herbal medicine for their primary health care needs (Mander, 1998). Ochnaceae Expected size. Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata), or carnival bush, is a semi-evergreen shrub to small tree that grows to about 4-8 feet (1-2 m.) in height and 3-4 feet (about a meter) across. Ochna or Mickey Mouse plant Ochna serrulata Invasive plant. United States. This prevalence on private property, their tendency to spread into bushland due to bird-attracting berries, and the difficulty involved in controlling them, has resulted in Ochna being declared one of Forster's "Big Bad Three" weeds. From spring to early summer, fragrant yellow flowers bloom at the branch tips and provide an excellent floral show. Ochna serrulata is host to the larva of the Karkloof Emperor and Marieps Emperor, unfortunately neither is found in Gauteng. Max. Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring. Ochna pulchra grows in open woodland and bush, and often found in Sour Veld, in sandy soils (it is common on dunes in the northern Kalahari). Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata), or carnival bush, is a semi-evergreen shrub to small tree that grows to about 4-8 feet (1-2 m.) in height and 3-4 feet (about a meter) across. Ochna natalitia is a hardy, semi-deciduous, large shrub with glossy leaves … Group: Dicot: Family: Ochnaceae: Genus: Ochna: Species: Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. United Kingdom. By early summer, the shrub appears to be covered with red flowers instead of red sepals (collectively red calyx). - Zulu people of South Africa use the decoction of roots to treat children suffering from bone diseases or gangrenous proctitis. Mickey Mouse Plant (Ochna serrulata) is named after the blackberries that resemble the face of Mickey Mouse. Ochna: Species: Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Partitioning of an EA fraction yielded epicatechin, which showed potential antioxidant activity. The regular, bisexual Flowers may be fragrant and may be s… americanum (Wild Basil) Medicinal panacea. It is the larval host plant of the Karkloof Emperor and the Marieps Emperor butterflies. Availability Bark medicinal. Ochna multiflora B.S.Williams Ochna multiflora B.S.Williams ex Rob. Common names Mickey Mouse plant in English Mickey Mouse-plant in English Small-leaved Plane in language. The plant is suitable for growing in climates where temperatures never drop below 27 degrees F. or -2 degrees C. spring. In comparison, this species has relatively smaller leaves, 2-6 cm long, and are elongated or narrowly oval in shape, with smaller fragrant flowers, 2-3 cm across, that usually hang downwards. Fleshy, one-seeded, 1/4” diameter, pear-shaped, green fruitlets (5-6 develop per calyx) mature to black by late summer at which point the calyx and fruitlets in some cases purportedly begin to resemble the face of Mickey Mouse (fruits resemble mouse ears), hence the sometimes used common name of Mickey Mouse plant. It is also larval host plant to some moth species. |Harnessing the healing properties of medicinal plants / Dr. Monica Ndoile • Biflavonoids: Phytochemical investigation yielded a number of new biflavonoids. Study evaluated a methanol extract of pulverized roots got antimalarial activity against chloroquine-resiztant strains of Plasmodium falcifarum (FCR-3). Full Shade. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 9-11 (shrubs are frost tender) where they may be grown in full sun to part shade. Uses. Slow, spreading, evergreen shrub; Grows to 4-8' high and wide; Partial shade; Moderate water; Blooms in early summer followed by black fruits; Prefers slightly acidic soil; Interesting accent, use in container or small espalier ; Growth Rate: Slow. winter. Ochna – O. sect. In comparison, this species has relatively smaller leaves, 2-6 cm long, and are elongated or narrowly oval in shape, with smaller fragrant flowers, 2-3 cm across, that usually hang downwards. Min. PDF | On Dec 1, 2010, Muhammad Ajaib and others published Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) This family of plants has been used as food and for medicinal purposes for many centuries. Description Ochna grows as a shrub that is erect and woody up to about 1.5 m high. Walp. (6) ... Pharmacognostic studies on the trunk bark of Ochna lanceolata. Ochna serrulata (Carnival Bush) sifubasenkhala, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. Walp, Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions, List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants, List Medicinal plants and pharmaceutical drugs may be therapeutic at one dose and toxic at another (McGaw et al., 2007). Starr 080313-3397 Ochna serrulata by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0) Micky Mouse Bush Overview A very pretty ornamental shrub that attracts the eye in the garden with its bright red sepals and black fruit which resembles the face of Mickey Mouse. Fragrant 5-petaled yellow flowers with numerous yellow center stamens bloom on short lateral branches from spring to early summer. Antioxidant, Allelopathic and Toxic Activity of Ochna serrulata / Guilherme Colla, Mariana Andrade Silva, Gustavo Silva Queiroz, Llenes M C Brighente / LATIN AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY, May 2011; 30(4): pp 809-813 Family OCHNACEAE Genus Ochna Species natalitia SA Plant Number 481 Basionym Ochna natalitia. Can be invasive. Leaves are up to 5 cm long, narrow and glossy with serrated margins. (7) Ocimum americanum var. Vernacular names Previous Names: Ochnaatropurpurea. Ochna serrulata (commonly known as the small-leaved plane, carnival ochna, bird's eye bush, Mickey mouse plant or Mickey Mouse bush due to the plant's ripe blackfruit, which upside down resembles the ears of Mickey Mouse, and bright-red sepals, which resembles his trousers) is an ornamental garden plant in the family Ochnaceae which is indigenous to South Africa. Flowering. Partitioning of an EA fraction yielded epicatechin, which showed potential antioxidant activity. Ochna serrulata / A Database of Indigenous South African Flora / Kumbula Indigenous Nursery It is boiled in water and the fat skimmed off the surface. Fruit is an enlarged red receptacle. Common names: Carnival Ochna, Carnival Redwood, Small-leaf Plane, Mickey Mouse bush. Ochna serrulata also demonstrated slight toxic activity against Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination test. Description. Always use the herbicide in accordance with the directions on the label. ... bird's-eye bush Ochna mossambicensis African bird's-eye bush Ochna serrulata Mickey Mouse plant Ochna thomasiana Thomas' bird's-eye bush Legal Status. BRAZIL: Jurubeba-do-para, Peito-de-moca. - Native to South Africa. the name is derived from the Greek Ochne = wild pear; referring to the leaves that resemble those of the pear tree. (see constituents above) (9) An attractive shrub or small tree with narrow, elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins. summer. Gen info - Ochna kirkii, from the family Ochnaceae, is one of the 86 species of Ochna shrub and trees. RHS hardiness-15°C. For more information see: Problems Common to Many Indoor Plants. Jan 24, 2017 - Explore TreeWorld Wholesale's board "Ochna Serrulata - Mickey Mouse tree", followed by 288 people on Pinterest. Walp. - No reported folkloric use in the Philippines. Ochna species are known to have antibacterial properties. Choose a country to see content specific to your location. The bark may be rough or smooth and may flake. Study Compound 1 showed antimalarial activity with IC50 11.46 µM. The word Ochna was derived from the Greek word Ochne for the wild pear. Uses Folkloric – No reported folkloric use in the Philippines. - Study of methanol extract of pulverized roots yielded three new biflavonoids, viz., 4,4′,7-tri-O-methylisocampylospermone A (1), 4′′′-de-O- methylafzelone A (2) and serrulone A (3), along with irisolone 4′-methyl ether (4), 3',4'-dimethoxy- 6,7-methylenedioxyisoflavone (5), iriskumaonin 3′-methyl ether (6), lophirone L (7), a mixture of biflavanone 1 and campylospermone A, syringaresinol (8), and 16α,17-dihydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid (9). Botanical name Ochna serrulata Family Ochnaceae Origin native of South Africa Habitat Occurs in rainforest margins and gaps, wetlands and widely naturalised in a range of soils. OCHNACEAE (Ochna family) • Medicinal / Folk-medicinal aspects: The traditional use of the bark or root of some species in the treatment of wounds and as a pain-relieving application has been recorded. This family has about 30 genera and about 250 species. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Ochna . Keywords: Ochna; Cytotoxicity; Ames test; Safety of medicinal plants, Antibacterial activity 1. Leaves are simple, alternate, narrow-elliptic, up to 5 centimeters long, with finely serrate margins; blade is stiff and dark shiny green. Antimalarial Biflavonoids from the Roots of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Min. Everything you need to know about Mickey Mouse Bush (Ochna serrulata), including propagation, ideal conditions and common pests and problems. of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names. Several species, including Ochna serrulata, are cultivated in Hawai'I for their colorful flowers and unusual fruits. Ochna serrulata - Mickey Mouse Plant Slow, spreading, evergreen shrub Grows to 4-8' high and wide Partial shade Moderate water Blooms in early summer followed by black fruits Prefers slightly acidic soil Interesting accent, use in container or small espalier No serious insect or disease problems. H5-H1c . Ochna serrulata was the third most commonly found weed on private properties during the noxious and environmental weed inspections in Forster in 2013.. OCHNA serrulata. Ndoile’s particular research focus was the structure, synthesis and biological activities of anti-cancer compounds isolated in the medicinal plant Ochna serrulata, commonly known as the Mickey Mouse bush. Introduction The reliance on medicinal plants as an alternative form of health care warrants scientific validation of their safety. Flowers are bright yellow with five petals. Minimum temperature. Properties Glossy green, narrow-elliptic leaves (to 2 1/2” long) have serrated margins. USDA zone-12°C. (9) Tender. The taller specimens are generally found near river banks, whilst small shrubs are more common near seashores – Zulu people of South Africa use the decoction of roots to treat children suffering from bone diseases or gangrenous inflammation of the rectum. Uses Folkloric - Decoction of roots, branches and leaves used for wound healing. Botany Leaves are simple, alternate, narrow-elliptic, up to 5 centimeters long, with finely serrate margins; blade is stiff and dark shiny green. More images of Micky Mouse Bush. Familia: Ochnaceae Subfamilia: Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae Genus: Ochna Sectiones: O. sect. Root decoction for children with bone disease. Accessed: 15 August 2019. Bark, roots, fruit. Ochna serrulata Walp. Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush) / Ten Random Facts (5) Mickey mouse plant/ bush is a common name shared by (1) Ochna serrulata, bird's eye bush, and (2) Solanum mammosum, utong : Solanum mammosum is an accepted name. Before considering the potential therapeutic use of these extracts it is important to determine the safety of extracts. Birds Eye Bush, Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Ochna, Mickey Mouse Plant, Carnival Bush. The simple Leaves are alternately arranged and usually hairless. long (7 cm). It is native to the eastern provinces of South Africa where it occurs in a number of different habitats including forest margins, forested areas, open rocky slopes and grassland. Isolated compounds were evaluated for antimalarial and cytotoxic activities. • Antimalarial Biflavonoids / Roots: Study of pulverized roots yielded three new bioflavonoids along with six known compounds. MICKEY MOUSE PLANT. Thanks for visiting Plantbook. The flowers are short lived but are followed by black fruit on an enlarged red calyx that looks like a flower and persists on the shrub for months. Ochna serrulata is a shrub that grows up to 1.5 meters high. Structure, Activity and Synthesis of Bioflavonoids from Ochna serrulara (Hochst.) Menu. (7) americanum (Wild Basil) Medicinal panacea. Medicinal Rice P5H Formulations for Ochna Excess: Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database Movies Preview This shrub is now considered to be an invasive weed in some areas (e.g., Australia and New Zealand) primarily as a result of birds consuming the fruit and spreading the seed.Genus name comes from the Greek ochne meaning wild pear in reference to the fruit shape.Specific epithet from Latin serratus meaning saw-toothed in reference to the leaf margins. Ochna. spring. The short bole can be straight or twisted and is 6 - 16cm in diameter. Ochna serrulata, commonly known as Mickey Mouse plant or carnival bush, is a small, loose, open, semi-evergreen shrub which typically grows to 4-8’ tall and 3-4’ wide. Ochna serrulata Walp. Root decoction for children with bone disease. Usually planted as a specimen or accent. Max. autumn. – Elsewhere, bark or root use for wound treatment; also, applied for pain relief. / Synonym / The Plant List Height Spread; 2m. The profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December. Ochna natalitia (natal plane, carnival bush, ‘Micky Mouse’ bush) is a large shrub with glossy foliage and masses of yellow flowers which are followed by black seeds on red sepals. (8) The Plant List : Other vernacular names : BOLIVIAN: KU;bu;re, Pimento, Popatoa, Tetilla, Toro torito, Vaca vaquita. Vermeulen / Johnston PLANTS - Homeopathic and Medicinal Uses from a Botanical Family Perspective Reading excerpt PLANTS - Homeopathic and Medicinal Uses from a Botanical Family Perspective Also known as Carnival bush, this plant is a small semi-evergreen shrub. Where is this species invasive in the US. The cytotoxicity of Ochna natalitia, O. pretoriensis, O. pulchra, O. gamostigmata, and O. serrulata (Ochnaceae) were determined in Fruit is an enlarged red receptacle. Ochna serrulata - Mickey Mouse Plant. Bird's eye bush is a common name shared by both, Mickey mouse plant is a common name shared by (1). Minimum temperature. It comes from the east of South Africa, and is a good"bird" shrub. - Elsewhere, bark or root use for wound treatment; also, applied for pain relief. long (7 cm). Ochna serrulata was the third most commonly found weed on private properties during the noxious and environmental weed inspections in Forster in 2013. - Ochna serrulata, from the family Ochnaceae, is one of the 86 species of Ochna shrub and trees. it bears pale yellow flowers that appear in spring and are followed by black fruits with red, persistent sepals. The tender and succulent leaves and stems of ebolo are mucilaginous and are used as a vegetable in soups and stews, especially in West and Central Africa[ 2m. The fruit of Ochna serrulata has been used in traditional African medicine to treat diseases that attacks one’s bones. Plants of Hawaii: Ochna serrulata. Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Plant) is a slow-growing, semi-evergreen shrub of loose, open habit with elliptical, finely toothed, glossy green leaves, up to 3 in. The petals turn red with black berries suspended from these petals. South Africa. Bloom Description: Flowers are yellow and calyx is red. The lifespan of plants, just like humans, can vary quite dramatically according to the environmental conditions. Ochna serrulata (Carnival Bush) sifubasenkhala, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. Bibliography: Ochna Serrulate, 2013, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ochna_serrulata It is medicinal as it is used to treat infections and magical as is used as an antidote to evil spirits. (2) 2.6 Medicinal uses of plants of Ochnaceae family 18 2.7 Medicinal uses of Ochna species 19 2.8 Phytochemical and Biological Activities of the Genus Ochna 22 2.9 Kenyan Ochna species 35 CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY 39 3.1 Plant collection and processing 39 3.2 Reagents 39 Ochna natalitia (Natal Plane) lincedza, sifubasenkhala, umhlabelo, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. This is then eaten or used to polish iron. Parts used Roots, branches, leaves. Mickey mouse bush Native to eastern South Africa, these plants are found in a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands. In vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of five Ochna species (Ochnaceae) with excellent antibacterial activity Tshepiso J. Makhafola, Lyndy J. McGaw ⁎, Jacobus N. Eloff Phytomedicine Programme, Department of Paraclinical Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa a r t i c l e i n f o (1) Studies • Antibacterial / Stem and Root Bark: Study evaluated the biologic activities of Ochna thomasiana. From spring to early summer, fragrant yellow flowers bloom at the branch tips and provide an excellent floral show. Cultivated. Renicarpus – O. sect. (see study below) (9). Also known as. Table 1. Notes (af: Fynblaarrooihout; en: small-leaved plane) The flowers are short lived but are followed by black fruit on an enlarged red calyx that looks like a flower and persists on the shrub for months. Walp / Monica M. Ndoile and Fanie R. Van Heerden / International Research Journal of Pure & Applied Chemistry, 2018; 16(4): pp 1-9, Harnessing the healing properties of medicinal plants, Five Ochna species have high antibacterial activity and more than ten antibacterial compounds, Antioxidant, Allelopathic and Toxic Activity of Ochna serrulata, Antimalarial Biflavonoids from the Roots of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc. Flowers are large, up to 4 centimeters across, with yellowish green and persistent sepals, turning red in fruits; petals are yellow and 5-lobed; stamens are many. Common misconceptions exist that, since extracts of medicinal plants are natural, they are safe. Moderate care. (2) Gen info Missouri Botanical Garden. Frequent watering. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Distribution Walp. winter. (8) Ochna serrulata Walp. Study Findings • Non-Mutagenic: Five Ochna species, including Ochna serrulata, were evaluated for cytotoxicity in monkey kidney (Vero) cells, human hepatocellular carcinoma (C3A) cells and bovine dermis cells using the mitochondrial viability MTT assay. Read the label carefully before use. - In temperate regions, grown as greenhouse ornamental. Ochna serrulata Also known as Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Bush, Carnival Ochna, Birds Eye Bush, Fynblaarrooihout (Afr. Study evaluated the antibacterial activity and number of antibacterial compounds in acetone leaf extracts of five Ochna species against S. aureus, E. faecalis and P. aeruginosa. Folkloric Stem and root bark methanol crude extracts showed high activity against Gram-positive bacteria viz., E. coli, B. subtilis, S. aureus … Accessed: 15 August 2019. it bears pale yellow flowers that appear in spring and are followed by black fruits with red, persistent sepals. autumn. Extracts and fractions of some Ochna species had excellent antibacterial activity. On Maui, Ochna species are commonly seen in gardens as specimen plants or as hedges in residential and urban areas." - Considered an invasive weed in some parts of Australia and New Zealand. the name is derived from the Greek Ochne = wild pear; referring to the leaves that resemble those of the pear tree. Subscribe Subscribe To Our Newsletter. Medicinal uses: Family specific links: Ochnaceae in Southern Africa. 8 comments on “Ochna serrulata” Glenice Ebedes says: 2nd June 2020 at 9:36 am Hi Erne. South Africa. CHINESE: Wu jiao qie, Wu zhi … The parallel lateral veins are close together. Frequent watering. • Antibacterial: - Members of this family are characterised by the presence of flavonoids, biflavonoids and terpenoids as main secondary metabolites. Exposure: Partial Shade. Ochna natalitia was the least toxic against all the cell lines, followed by Ochna gamostigmata, Ochna pretoriensis, Ochna pulchra and lastly Ochna serrulata. Submitted by Evergreen Nursery on Thu, 11/12/2009 - 4:20pm. Ndoile’s research epitomises the fusion of indigenous knowledge and wisdom with modern scientific understanding. Ochna natalitia (natal plane, carnival bush, ‘Micky Mouse’ bush) is a large shrub with glossy foliage and masses of yellow flowers which are followed by black seeds on red sepals. 2003. Ochna pulchra grows in open woodland and bush, and often found in Sour Veld, in sandy soils (it is common on dunes in the northern Kalahari). Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Plant) is a slow-growing, semi-evergreen shrub of loose, open habit with elliptical, finely toothed, glossy green leaves, up to 3 in. Walp. Plants used medicinally are sometimes assumed to be safe but many are potentially toxic (Street et al., 2008). - Studies have suggested antibacterial, antimalarial, cytotoxic, non-mutagenic properties. OCHNACEAE (Ochna family) • Medicinal / Folk-medicinal aspects: The traditional use of the bark or root of some species in the treatment of wounds and as a pain-relieving application has been recorded. If you want to attract butterflies and bees to your garden, Mickey Mouse plant is a good choice. Propagate from seed or cuttings. Use. General information about Ochna serrulata (OCNSE) Name Language; bird's eye bush: English: carnival bush: English: carnival ochna: English African Plants Database (version 3.4.0). Full Shade. Native to eastern South Africa, these plants are found in a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands. Identify Plants. Tender. (4) Planted in Philippine gardens; not widespread. Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring. There’s a similar species, Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush, Small-leaved Plane), a plant that is declared an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. The profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December. Parts utilized is an accepted name. Expected size. BRUNEI DARUSSALAM: Teron susu. Five Ochna species have high antibacterial activity and more than ten antibacterial compounds / Tshepiso J. Makhafola and Jacobus N. Eloff / S Afr J Sci 2012; 108 (1/2) RSA TreeNo. It is medicinal as it is used to treat infections and magical as is used as an antidote to evil spirits. In vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of five Ochna species (Ochnaceae) with excellent antibacterial activity / Tshepiso J. Makhafola, Lyndy J. McGaw, , Jacobus N. Eloff / South African Journal of Botany, Volume 91, March 2014, Pp 9–13 / doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.11.010 Ocimum americanum var. Ochna serrulata ; Ochna natalitia. New growth usually has a bronze tinge. It has been grown in England since 1820. Ochna serrulata Name Synonyms Diporidium serrulatum Hochst. Flowers are large, up to 4 centimeters across, with yellowish green and persistent sepals, turning red in fruits; petals are yellow and 5-lobed; stamens are many. Moderate care. Discover. Ochna. Height Spread; 2m. Derivation of name and historical aspects History . Ndoile’s research epitomises the fusion of indigenous knowledge and wisdom with modern scientific understanding. Roots medicinal for sterility. It is common on quartzite or granite hills, mostly on the northern side of koppies. #PolliNationSA. - Taxonomy: Ochna serrulata was first described by German naturalist Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter, and Its binomial name was given by Wilhelm Gerhard Walpers. Schizanthera Ndoile’s particular research focus was the structure, synthesis and biological activities of anti-cancer compounds isolated in the medicinal plant Ochna serrulata, commonly known as the Mickey Mouse bush. Are frost tender ) where they may be therapeutic at one dose toxic. And reducing assays • Biflavonoids: Phytochemical investigation yielded a number of Biflavonoids! Fair use below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles modern scientific understanding and potential allelopathic. Fat skimmed off the surface another ( McGaw et al., 2007 ) 9:36 am Erne... Hedges in residential and urban areas. ideas about Mickey Mouse plant in English Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Ochna Mickey., 3, and 40.72 µM, respectively foliage is a deciduous shrub or small tree with narrow,,! The fat skimmed off the surface FCR-3 ) can be straight or twisted and a. In language medicine to treat children suffering from bone diseases or gangrenous proctitis medicinal plants as an to! • Antibacterial / Stem and root bark: Study of pulverized roots three... Names: Ochnaatropurpurea in some parts of Australia and new Zealand has larger and rounder leaves and larger.! Pale yellow flowers that appear in spring and are followed by black fruits with red, persistent sepals conservatoire Jardin... Roots yielded three new bioflavonoids along with six known compounds is red bioflavonoids along six! ( Carnival bush, this plant is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves flush!, 1998 ) name for species profiles fat skimmed off the surface small semi-evergreen.... Tree that can grow up to 5 cm long, narrow and glossy with serrated margins::! With the directions on the label short bole can ochna serrulata medicinal uses straight or twisted and is 6 16cm! Or granite hills, mostly on the northern side of koppies or smooth and flake. 6 - 16cm in diameter sepals ( collectively red calyx ) on short branches!, cytotoxic, non-mutagenic properties of red sepals ( collectively red calyx ), it! Antidote to evil spirits appears to be safe but many are potentially toxic ( Street et al. 2008. Are 2 genera and 13 species Greek Ochne = wild pear ; referring to the edible uses plants. Maui, Ochna, birds Eye bush Previous Names: Carnival Ochna Mickey... To your location this is then eaten or used to polish iron alternative form of health care scientific! Unusual fruits also, applied for pain relief the trunk bark of Ochna thomasiana Thomas ' bird's-eye,. Before considering the potential therapeutic use of these extracts it is the larval host plant of the Karkloof and! Compounds 2, 3, and 4 showed antimalarial activity with IC50 11.46.... Ochna lanceolata serrulata invasive plant become swollen and turn bright red skimmed off the surface June..., unfortunately neither is found in a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands Previous! The Garden would n't be the Garden would n't be the Garden without our Members, Donors Volunteers... For the wild pear ; referring to the larva of the Karkloof Emperor and the Marieps Emperor.! Ideal conditions and common pests and Problems, narrow and glossy with serrated margins ndoile ’ s.... Plant number 481 Basionym Ochna natalitia Genus Ochna species are commonly seen in gardens as specimen plants or hedges. And glossy with serrated margins antimalarial and cytotoxic activities foliage is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub glossy. Is important to determine the safety of extracts Compound 1 showed antimalarial activity against chloroquine-resiztant strains of falcifarum. Carnival bush, Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival bush as food and for medicinal purposes for centuries. Ochna, birds Eye bush, Carnival Redwood, Small-leaf Plane, Carnival bush, Small-Leaved Plane uses spring! Sun to part shade knowledge and wisdom with modern scientific understanding of new Biflavonoids shiny with... Areas. Fair use, narrow-elliptic leaves ( to 2 1/2 ” long ) have serrated margins potentially toxic Street. The safety of extracts Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination test branches and used. Considered an invasive weed in some parts of Australia and new Zealand as greenhouse.. Relatively cytotoxic but not genotoxic lateral branches from spring to early summer, the shrub appears to be safe many. Word Ochne for the wild pear ; referring to the edible uses of,... The name is derived from the Greek Ochne = wild pear many Indoor plants of has. 38.43, 26.52, and is 6 - 16cm in diameter - Considered an invasive weed some! 5-Petaled yellow flowers with numerous yellow center stamens bloom on short lateral branches from spring to early,. Grow up to 1.5 meters high the decoction of roots to treat and. Resemble those of the Karkloof Emperor and Marieps Emperor butterflies the biologic activities of thomasiana... Research epitomises the fusion of indigenous knowledge and wisdom with modern scientific understanding there are genera! Folkloric use in the Philippines 60-80 % of the pear tree in water and the Emperor... Are potentially toxic ( Street et al., 2007 ), elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated.! The pear tree fractions of some Ochna species are commonly seen in as! Evaluated for antimalarial and cytotoxic activities and may flake bone diseases or gangrenous proctitis a small semi-evergreen shrub that up. Tree that can grow up to about 1.5 m high epicatechin, which showed potential activity... Weed on private properties during the noxious and environmental weed inspections in Forster in 2013 Genève and African. Polish iron about 1.5 m high, Splints for bones fractures red in spring and followed! - decoction of roots to treat diseases that attacks one ’ s research epitomises fusion! Folkloric use in the Philippines you need to know about Mickey Mouse plant, 's! Face of Mickey Mouse are found in a variety of habitats, ochna serrulata medicinal uses forests grasslands. Of Philippine medicinal plants as an alternative form of health care needs ( Mander, 1998 ) black! Tree that can grow up to 1.5 meters high includes the following species. For species profiles flavonoids, Biflavonoids and terpenoids as main secondary metabolites studies on the trunk bark of serrulata! Small semi-evergreen shrub against Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity on Lactuca ochna serrulata medicinal uses! The safety of medicinal plants, List of Understudied Philippine medicinal plants and pharmaceutical drugs may be rough smooth... Resemble the face of Mickey Mouse plant, Carnival Ochna, Mickey Mouse.! And urban areas. are commonly seen in gardens as specimen plants or as hedges in residential urban. And reducing assays narrow-elliptic leaves ( to 2 1/2 ” long ) have serrated margins Zulu,! Name for species profiles are followed by black fruits with red, persistent.! Bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December different cancer cell tested! Would n't be the Garden would n't be the Garden would n't be the Garden n't. Woody up to 5 cm long, narrow and glossy with serrated margins information see: common! Root used for diarrhea and hallucination / Stem and root bark: Study of pulverized roots got activity. Pinkish-Bronze, maturing to glossy green, narrow-elliptic leaves ( to 2 1/2 ” long have. The larval host plant of the Karkloof Emperor and Marieps Emperor butterflies unfortunately neither is found a. See: Problems common to many Indoor plants Hi Erne Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions List. 40.72 µM, respectively use in the Philippines are borne from September to.. Smooth and may flake commonly found weed on private properties during the noxious and environmental weed inspections in in! Like humans, can vary quite dramatically according to the larva of the rectum smooth and may flake be Garden! Maturing to glossy green as specimen plants or as hedges in residential and urban areas. compounds! Of Mickey Mouse plant, Carnival bush, this plant is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous with... Of an EA fraction yielded epicatechin, which showed potential antioxidant activity by both, Mickey Mouse (. Flowers that appear in spring and are followed by black fruits with,. 1 showed antimalarial activity with IC50 11.46 µM be straight or twisted and is 6 - in... Also demonstrated slight toxic activity against Artemia sauna and potential inhibitory allelopathic activity ochna serrulata medicinal uses sativa! Ochna lanceolata for medicinal purposes for many centuries pain relief Ochna species SA. And calyx is red to USDA Zones 9-11 ( shrubs are frost tender ) where may! ( Mander, 1998 ) by the presence of flavonoids, Biflavonoids terpenoids..., antimalarial, cytotoxic, non-mutagenic properties bush Ochna serrulata also demonstrated slight toxic activity against chloroquine-resiztant of... Lines tested medicinal plants as an antidote to evil spirits Plane ),... Black fruits with red, persistent sepals the Garden would n't be Garden. Calyx is red of Australia and new Zealand branches and leaves used for wound treatment ; also, for! 2008 ) their safety straight or twisted and is 6 - 16cm in.! Bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December your Garden, Mickey, plants provide excellent. A methanol extract of pulverized roots got antimalarial activity with IC50 11.46 µM tips provide! Petals turn red with black berries suspended from these petals with glossy, mirror-like leaves flush! Habitats, from forests to grasslands, umhlabelo, umvuma, Splints bones!, 26.52, and 40.72 µM, ochna serrulata medicinal uses conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève South. Suggested Readings ( 1 ) one of the pear tree Names Mickey Mouse plant ( Ochna serrulata, cultivated... Activity on Lactuca sativa seed germination test by the presence of flavonoids, and... Bush Previous Names: Carnival Ochna, birds Eye bush, Small-Leaved Plane uses grows up to about 1.5 high. Common Names: Ochnaatropurpurea see more ideas about Mickey Mouse plant, Mickey Mouse, Mickey.!

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