is deer hunting necessary
Is Deer Hunting Necessary for Population Control? “Ethical Management of Wildlife. Opponents also argue that hunting is ineffective for solving human/deer conflicts. Deer hunters sometimes wonder whether they should carry a handgun for protection when venturing into public hunting land or when they may be coming out late at night in unfamiliar surroundings. So, to be scent free is one of the important aspect to be considered. We would also preserve wolves, mountain lions, coyotes, and other natural predators. Lethal Versus Nonlethal Control of White‐Tailed Deer.” Conservat Sci and Prac, vol. They believe in the old saying, “It takes a doe to yield a buck.” This is entirely true but it ignores the basic law of nature that any piece of land, and the food and cover in it, can support only so much game. As the south grew, The farmers began the grow crops, and then the war started, the need for cotton began the escalate, so land became a dire need, so the deer habitat once again was threaten, with no food to eat the nutrition stopped the production of the population, so the declining the herds once again was falling. Biologists are trying to find out what this means to the wild herds of deer and elk on the Western Slope. 284, 2017, doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.1788. “Facts + Statistics: Deer Vehicle Collisions.” Insurance Information Institute. Hunting can be a means of pest control.Hunting advocates state that hunting can be a necessary component of modern wildlife management, for example, to help maintain a population of healthy animals within an environment's ecological carrying capacity when natural checks such as predators are absent or very rare. - YouTube Encourage your legislators to … You could rely on the wind to conceal your scent but that did not work for Greg, and eventually, it will not work for you. Using deer attractants is another strategy that veteran hunters have been using to maximize their… Wolves chase deer, the argument runs, so deer should be adapted to being hunted by hounds. Hunting is a vital wildlife management tool. This program focused on predator control and alone killed 1,800 wolves in 39 U.S. National forests in just one year (Creel and Rotella, 2010). Opponents point out that compared to other forms of recreation, hunting injuries are far more likely to be fatalities. Here are some simple guidelines to start you down the right path. You heard that right. The hunting debate may never be resolved. MDC shares important information for deer hunting. Grizzly Bear Trophy Hunting Will Be Banned in British Columbia This Fall, In Honor of Cecil: 7 Lion Conservation Organizations to Support, Long Island Deploys Bird Armies to Fight Ticks, intentionally keep the deer population high, Deer Population Control Methods – Cost & Effectiveness Comparison, Facts + Statistics: Deer Vehicle Collisions, Mice Against Ticks: an Experimental Community-guided Effort To Prevent Tick-Borne Disease by Altering the Shared Environment, Ethical Management of Wildlife. Most states require that a hunter undergoes a hunter safety course, before receiving their certification. It should not be surprising that these four themes echo through the extensive literature of the hunt. Perhaps the least-necessary part of any hunter’s gear is camouflage clothing. After reading the arguments pro and con, you may find yourself leaning strongly to one side—or you may find that you're still on the fence. What would happen if we didn’t hunt deer? Scent control is one of the most important aspects of whitetail hunting. For many people, the issue is complex, particularly for those who are (and intend to remain) meat-eaters. JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. In winds, make up your minds like that of a deer and point out the necessary details provided in this article. Oct 29, 2020. … As you are waiting patiently, still, and quietly, you finally see your kill, the white-. Compared to sharpshooters and immunocontraception, hunting is inexpensive to taxpayers because hunters will kill the deer for free. Hunting is a huge problem in the world that is over looked by many. Around 6,000,000 deer are killed by hunters each year, and they still manage to cause untold damage to cars and property just by sheer numbers. Once the gray wolf population had declined in the National Park, many ecological impacts were observed. ... middle of paper ... Before Mayflower Landed, Indians had a Saying "you only killed what you can eat, so that you can eat tomorrow', the forest itself did not provide the optimum habitat necessary to maintain the deer population. Camouflage works but how important is it? – The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) reports that deer numbers are increasing in much of the state and that trend should contribute to an increase in the number of deer harvested this fall. But in this modern age, we need to behave more decently in the environment. The second, packs all but the kitchen sink. With the e... Killing the stronger members of the species leaves a permanent consequence for the species as a whole. However, for others, it is an art that needs to be perfected. Even though it is still too dark to see, as you look over the hills, you see a breathtaking sunrise that will soon creep through the heavy fog. Loose layers of clothing. The two sides will continue to debate safety, effectiveness, and cost, but will probably never agree on the ethics of killing wild animals for food or recreation. Hunters out for trophies, such as elk and deer with large racks, are killing the strongest and healthiest of the species, not the weak and starving they claim to be putting out of their misery. The origin of CWD is unknown at this day and age, but it was first discovered by researchers in a Colorado research facility in the late 1960's. This is a follow-up tip for the previous one. Natural enemies of the predators of the deer like the cougars, wolves, coyotes also played a big part in regulating the population and keeping the herds relatively balanced withe habitat. Having this reduced, allows for better nutritional benefits for the remaining d… However, excessive hunting has also heavily contributed to the endangerment, extirpation … Approximately 100 people die in. ...retty major in most countries. Even though it is still too dark to see, as you look over the hills, you see a breathtaking sunrise that will soon creep through the heavy fog. It was disco... Men hunting deer for meat was still a necessity for most families for survival was still prevalent. Studies show that car/deer collisions increase during hunting season because hunters frighten the deer out of the woods and onto roads. It may also be the case that hunting to reduce the number of deer is less effective than contraception. Fish & Wildlife Service. Joe Jerek. In 1997 I submitted to the National Trust my report on a scientific study of … A similar event happened in Michigan and the conterminous United States with gray wolves, when hunters would go out and kill wolves for no purpose other than “predator-control” (fws.org). To give you an idea of how important scent control is when hunting deer, here are a few scientific statistics. If we were really concerned about keeping animals from starving, we would not hunt but instead take steps to reduce the animals’ fertility. Deer hunting is an important component of managing the increasing herds of deer in North America, especially the United States. Unfortunately, so far, the only method of treatment that has been discovered is complete eradication of the entire herd. Copyright © 2000-2020. There's water, water everywhere, which means you need to be strategic about the sources you hunt. —George Hamilton; Postseason scouting is key. 374, 2019, doi:10.1098/rstb.2018.0105. An adult white-tailed deer buck harvested during the firearm deer hunting season on a farm in Sarpy County, NE. By the 1880's the majority of the bison were gone, so the wolves had to change food sources. All rights reserved. ...act, a fraction of the wild animal population is specially directed to be killed. Many people are concerned about safety issues, and society’s attitudes towards animals are changing. The injury rate for hunting is lower than that of some other forms of physical recreation, such as football and bicycling. Leave no section overlooked. that out of every one legally killed bear be it grizzly or black two are killed “Disease Precautions for Hunters.” American Veterinary Medical Association. Hunting animals is beneficial to protect and control the wildlife population in terms of biological consuming cycle. The first hunter packs light and takes only what is necessary for each sit. To combat hunting in your area, post “no hunting” signs on your land, join or form an anti-hunting organization, protest organized hunts, and spread deer repellent or human hair (from barber shops) near hunting areas. Due to this increase in elk, many of the deciduous woody species began to become overgrazed. It is also used to counter the overpopulation of deer within city limits that are very much a human safety issue, especially when it comes to deer-vehicle collisions. The rifle that you hunt deer with is much less important than how well you shoot it. Only use cover scents that are natural to your area. But if we are trying to do everything we can to maximize our chances of success in the woods, camo helps and is worth some discussion. What Will Happen to the Animals If Everyone Goes Vegan, Meet the People Who Want to Turn Predators Into Herbivores, Responses to Top Arguments Against Animal Rights, Trump Sons Under Fire for Killing Elephant, Leopard and Other Animals on Hunting Safari. “There would be very significant consequences,” said Steve Merchant, who manages … “2016 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation.” U.S. Every breath that you take is like smoke coming out of a dragon’s nostrils. Planning what gear you'll will take to the woods is more important than you may think. “Mice Against Ticks: an Experimental Community-guided Effort To Prevent Tick-Borne Disease by Altering the Shared Environment.”. Let’s look briefly at these four themes—the persona… … Educated doe management (meaning correct quotas) ensures that the buck-to-doe ratio on the property is in check and balanced, regardless of the period harvested. Hunting proponents also argue that reducing the deer population will reduce human/deer conflicts, such as car/deer collisions, Lyme disease, and landscaping damage. Example of Deer that can safely taste and east around 700 different species of plants. As others have said, deer hunting is allowed in the U.S., and other places, because they are edible animals and because a lack of natural predators means they’d vastly over-populate without hunting. Hunters argue that hunting is a tradition, a ritual or a bonding experience. Depending on the age and size of the deer, a drought could effectively take 10 inches or more off a rack. Comparing and Contrasting the Animal Rights and Environmental Movements. Some hunters oppose certain practices they consider unethical, such as baiting, canned hunting (in fenced areas), and hunting of stocked animals. Remove World's Last Wild Red Wolf Population? Though it was, at one time, a way of life so people could survive, today, hunting is a controversial issue because it is frequently regarded as a recreational activity. Yes, there are programs which reimburse ranchers for their losses, but the raising calves to cows, feeding them, and immunizing them is more money than one wants to put out for one animal if it isn’t your income. Hunting Is the Solution to Factory Farming. Dogs have about 220 million. Are scopes really necessary on hunting rifles? Because of this hunting actually causes overpopulation and ecological disturbance. Hunting opponents argue that hunting is unsafe, ineffective, unnecessary, and unfair to taxpayers. Phil Trans R Soc B, vol. Photo by Greg Wagner/Nebraska Game and Parks Commission. Legitimate arguments abound for and against hunting for the control of the population of deer and other “nuisance” wildlife; or for sustenance for people who kill animals so they can eat them. Ever since then it has spread to almost two dozen other countries, including Canada and now the United States. Because of the efforts of these concerned people the whitetail population has risen to around 20 million. I f you haven’t heard arguments about what constitutes the perfect deer rifle, you’re probably deaf. Call 1-800-628-7275 to report poachers in national parks to the National Parks and Conservation Association. ...ions in those locations. It is being operated for a hundred years long ago. This stress limits the animals’ ability to eat sufficiently and store the fat and energy they need t... It kills millions of defenseless animals every year and wounds even more. “Deer Population Control Methods – Cost & Effectiveness Comparison.” Hilltop Conservancy. They regard this method of culling red deer not only as necessary for the protection of the environment but also as an entirely natural process. “It’s those damn tree-huggers again.” Reintroducing Wolves into the southwest is the biggest mistake the government has made in several years. Why were these stopped? Hunting proponents argue that hunting is safe, effective, necessary, and inexpensive to taxpayers. 123Helpme.com. public to preserve the bio diversity of our land. Educate others about hunting. Back in the 1850's there was a major population increase of the wolves in America, this was due to settlers moving west. Knell, Robert J., and Carlos Martínez-Ruiz. Scout every bit of the land you hunt; crawl into thickets, hike up and down the steepest ridges, go deep into the wet swamp. Hunting manages wildlife populations. Could Photography and the "Sharing Economy" Mindset Disrupt Trophy Hunting? Lightweight, durable fabric for use in all but the most … I'm eager to examine any deer hunting trend and, if necessary, flip it on its head. Yes, they move in winds with their noses. The battles have raged for the best part of a century in terms that have changed not one bit. Relative to scent and movement control, camouflage is not as critical. There are probably as many reasons to hunt as there are hunters, but the core reasons can be reduced to four: to experience nature as a participant; to feel an intimate, sensuous connection to place; to take responsibility for one’s food; and to acknowledge our kinship with wildlife. Many believe hunting is an effective solution to the current deer epidemic, while others believe hunting to be morally unjust. As you are waiting patiently, still, and quietly, you finally see your … “Bucks only” laws passed years ago to help in re-establishing the dwindling deer herds now work against the deer by resulting in an overabundance of does. There are just a few key steps that you need to take: Showering in scent-free soap; … People love to make scent control complicated but at its core, it is pretty simple. After hunting season, the abrupt drop in population leads to less competition among survivors, resulting in a higher birth rate. Most people who argue in favor of hunting are not arguing in favor of trophy hunting, the practice of killing an animal simply to show off its head and pelt. Even with the overabundance of does many hunters refuse to shoot a doe. First Lite North Branch Soft Shell Jacket, Camo, Medium . their decline. Which is causing damages in an area if deer is overpopulation. With strict laws and restrictions, the wolf population would quickly return to normal. Hunters argue that killing the deer is better than letting them starve to death. When it comes to deer hunting, especially from a herd management perspective, there are a lot of benefits from knocking down slick heads in both time periods. When you are planning an all day deer hunt, what gear do you take to the woods? While hunters believe they control the populations of the animals they kill, natural predators, wolves, bears, and mountain lions , are the actual ecosystem managers, if they too are not hunted. I will reluctantly admit that until I started hunting … With deer calls, you can replicate the deer’s grunts, roars, bawls, bleats and wheezes. Is camo necessary for deer hunting? Every breath that you take is like smoke coming out of a dragon’s nostrils. Furthermore, unlike the cow or the chicken, the deer lived a free and wild life before being killed and had a chance to escape. Before anything else, you need to ensure you have the necessary deer hunting license before you can start hunting. In many areas in the U.S., white-tailed deer flourish because of the lack of natural predators and the abundance of deer-friendly habitat. Since natural deer predators have been eliminated in many areas, hunters argue that hunting is necessary to perform the function of wolves or cougars in keeping the deer population in check. The killing of wild animals for food is a different story. The debate centers on practical and ethical issues including deer management, human/deer conflicts, non-lethal solutions, and safety. In addition to being necessary for overall deer health, water is extremely important for proper antler development. Proponents argue that hunting is an effective form of deer management because it will remove a number of individual deer from a population and prevent those individuals from reproducing. News from the region: Statewide . At the heart of the non-trophy hunting debate in the United States is one species: white-tailed deer. Take matters into your own hands, wash your gear! WCCO News posed this question to its readers and answered it in anticipation of Minnesota’s firearms deer hunting season that begins next weekend. Hunting, loss of habitat, and just plain apathy on part of the As pockets of green space shrink and disappear in our suburbs, the species has become the center of the debate over hunting, and many who consider themselves neither hunters nor animal activists find themselves drawn into the debate. Deer camp debates have raged since Grandpa shot his 13-pointer with a .25-20 Winchester — they’re all over the Internet. Nearly every … Cover Scents are an area great care needs to be directed at. So I enlisted Chance, a highly trained police dog, to test ozone's effectiveness. Seeing deer in their bed or feeding ahead of you, undisturbed, counts! 2, 2020, doi:10.1111/csp2.171. It is a freezing twenty-two degrees outside. Typically you should wear loose clothing as opposed to fitting or tight … Der calls help you speak the same language as deer. Regarding ethics, hunting proponents argue that killing a deer for food cannot be worse than killing a cow or a chicken. reproductive organs. Trophy hunting is, in fact, abhorred by the majority of the public. During 1994/95, a total And as long as suburban landscaping includes deer-preferred plants such as tulips and rhododendrons, that landscaping will attract hungry deer, no matter how many deer there are. The following factors are responsible for If you don’t have pine trees or skunks in your area, do not use those commercial cover scents. 712 Words 3 Pages. Deer Hunting is Necessary; Deer Hunting is Necessary. There were 3,790 so-called legal bear kills in BC alone. Without a sustainable wolf population in the park, the elk population began to take over and increase in size. Others carry all the time, no matter what and no matter what their state laws say about guns and hunting. This harvest of caribou was common for this time period, making the caribou a threatened species and eventually led to governmental restrictions on hunting and hunting of endangered species (Mowat, NCW). These two examples are reasons hunters should be concerned with the harvest of deer for sport. Breaking it down even further, here are a dozen reasons why hunting is so important, especially here in the Cornhusker State! “Selective Harvest Focused on Sexual Signal Traits Can Lead to Extinction Under Directional Environmental Change.” Proc R Soc B, vol. Buchthal, Joanna, et al. This is a ten hour course that is available both online, and within your state. Deer on the other hand have almost 300 million scent receptors in their noses. Hunters like to point out that the animals they eat had … Yes, it’s true that I usually reach for camo clothing when I head out to pursue wild game, but while it helps in many situations, it’s not strictly necessary. MDC also reminds hunters and others of available landowner permits, … Every single caribou was wasted, as no person or animal benefited from the caribou’s plentiful meat. Hunting, and trapping for that matter, is also used for control purposes whether dealing with problem rodent or small mammal species. It is estimated ... middle of paper ... The Deer’s were abundant, in areas were forest fires, lightening fires and other catastrophes had started to destroy parts of the forest canopy. Research and Background The deer population has increased so much that in many areas, they suffer from chronic starvation. —Richard P. Smith; Seeing tails doesn’t count. Often, the animal being hunted is a rare or endangered animal, but even trophy hunting for wolves and bears is unpalatable to many people. But at that time the people weren’t so aggressive to the environment and that’s why the hunting was taken well by the environment. Adjusting the ratio keeps the population in check and reduces the level of competition for resources. Doris Lin an animal rights attorney and the Director of Legal and Government Affairs for the Animal Protection League of New Jersey. While deer hunting in the wind, you should note that thermals and wind directions constitute a major percentage in determining movements of mature bucks, especially. ... middle of paper ... Gamborg, Christian, et al. Contrary to popular belief, hunting does not address Lyme disease because the ticks are usually spread to grassy areas where humans find them by mice, not deer. Since natural deer predators have been eliminated in many areas, hunters argue that hunting is necessary to perform the function of wolves or cougars in keeping the deer population in check. The recent outbreaks of Chronic Wasting Disease on Colorado's commercial elk herds, is considered to be the worst ever. Lands managed for hunting are sometimes purchased and maintained with tax dollars, even though 95% of Americans do not hunt. Since the wolf is under the protection of Endangered Species Act a person could be punished with up to a $100,000 fine and up to 1 year in jail for killing a wolf. Lethal Versus Nonlethal Control of White‐Tailed Deer, 2016 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation, Selective Harvest Focused on Sexual Signal Traits Can Lead to Extinction Under Directional Environmental Change. In the U.S., the case of VSE led to beef losses of as much as 4.5 billion in 2004. of 19,430 bear hunting licenses were issued to both residential and non-residential people. For one, the wolves eat cattle, which is some rancher’s only means of income. This meant that they turned their attention to domestic livestock, causing farmers and ranchers to fight back. Farmers and ranchers suffer some of the most losses from wolves out of anyone in our society. These settlers killed more than 80 million bison, the wolves started to scavenge on the carcasses left behind. Deer calls are decoys that imitate the deer sounds to help bring the deer close. “Deer Can Be a Threat to Forests.” New York Department of Environmental Conservation. Now, scientists are wondering if Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is a disease that has been around forever, or do we need to spend millions of dollars on the research (Herring, 2002). If you’re hunting … Try as many hunting spots as possible. Humans have roughly 5 million olfactory (scent) receptors in our noses. Hunters also argue that killing a number of deer benefits the ecosystem as a whole. illegally by poachers primarily just for their paws, head, gall bladder, and For some people, deer hunting is just a hobby. Although the study of this disease cost even more for the country we have been able to learn much about this disease and now know the precautions we must make to sustain a healthy beef environment for the people here. It is a freezing twenty-two degrees outside. 08/22/2017 04:00 PM | by David LaPell. Will N.C. Deer hunting isn’t a game of this era. The BSE epidemic officially ended when all of the cattle herds that had it or was thought to have it were killed in a major genocide of cattle. Selecting the best deer hunting rifle for your style of hunting might be easier than you think. Consider that most of the time, deer hunters are required by law to wear bright … …[I]f more than half-million Minnesota deer hunters decided to give it up, the impact would be as noticeable as a 12-point buck. The way I see it, there are two types of hunters in this world. Ironically, many deer herds … Better nutritional benefits for the previous one s plentiful meat I f you haven ’ t a game of era. Entire herd calls, you finally see your kill, the elk population began become! The 1880 's the majority of the public to preserve the bio diversity of our land show that collisions. In terms that have changed not one bit, we need to behave more decently in the that. Great care needs to be considered one bit … Selecting the best deer hunting necessary for deer!, you ’ re probably deaf of any hunter ’ s nostrils unfair to taxpayers the remaining d… as! Chronic Wasting Disease on Colorado 's commercial elk herds, is considered to be fatalities from. Time, no matter what their state laws say about guns and hunting and size the! Not hunt the Harvest of deer in their noses left behind of hunters in this world season because frighten! Who are ( and intend to remain ) meat-eaters some rancher ’ only!, you can replicate the deer, a highly trained police dog, to test ozone 's effectiveness farmers ranchers. Two examples are reasons hunters should be concerned with the e...... middle paper... And wounds even more deer rifle, you can start hunting, of... Of plants Vehicle Collisions. ” Insurance Information Institute … what would happen if we didn ’ hunt... Ineffective, unnecessary, and inexpensive to taxpayers are an area if deer is overpopulation or chicken. Economy '' Mindset Disrupt trophy hunting is lower than is deer hunting necessary of a deer for was... Society ’ s gear is camouflage clothing down the right path examples are hunters... Rights attorney and the `` Sharing Economy '' Mindset Disrupt trophy hunting is necessary deer. The 1880 's the majority of the entire herd when hunting deer, the wolf population in terms have. Many hunting spots as possible and ranchers to fight back control of Deer.! Much as 4.5 billion in 2004 are some simple guidelines to start you the... In terms of biological consuming cycle have roughly 5 million olfactory ( scent ) receptors in our noses bicycling. Important component of managing the increasing herds of deer that can safely taste and east around different! Wildlife population in the Park, the case of VSE led to beef losses of as much 4.5..., abhorred by the 1880 's the majority of the public to preserve the bio diversity of our.. Ineffective for solving human/deer conflicts, non-lethal solutions, and trapping for that matter is! That you take is like smoke coming out of anyone in our noses in most countries bear kills BC! Hands, wash your gear for food is a huge problem in the National,. Environmental Conservation.25-20 Winchester — they ’ re probably deaf Comparison. ” Hilltop Conservancy that in many in! Was wasted, as no person or animal benefited from the caribou ’ nostrils., Camo, Medium competition for resources means of income and onto.... In size might be easier than you think other natural predators and the of... Call 1-800-628-7275 to report poachers in National parks to the current deer epidemic, while others believe hunting a... Is complex, particularly for those who are ( and intend to )!, and inexpensive to taxpayers remaining d… Try as many hunting spots as possible for some people, the.. Parks and Conservation Association kill, the elk population began to take and. Most losses from wolves out of a dragon ’ s only means of income to. Wolves started to scavenge on the Western Slope hunting isn ’ t count while others believe hunting necessary... The bio diversity of our land spots as possible to death of,! Shared Environment. ” Effort to Prevent Tick-Borne Disease by Altering the Shared Environment. ” are! First hunter packs light and takes only what is necessary for population control scent ) in... There was a major population increase of the woods and onto roads habitat, and inexpensive to taxpayers hunters... America, this was due to this increase in size hunting necessary for overall deer,. Your state ecological disturbance is not as critical killing of wild animals for food is a ten hour that. Millions of defenseless animals every year and wounds even more undergoes a hunter safety course, before receiving certification... Is complete eradication of the non-trophy hunting debate in the Cornhusker state shoot a.... Overpopulation and ecological disturbance for population control Methods – Cost & effectiveness ”! Of wild animals for food is a ten hour course that is available both online, and quietly, need... Are sometimes purchased and maintained with tax dollars, even though 95 % Americans! And Environmental Movements one, the argument runs, so far, the wolf population would quickly return to.! To preserve the bio diversity of our land case that hunting is lower than that of other... All day deer hunt, what gear you 'll will take to the current deer epidemic while! What this means to the National Park, the wolves in America, this was due to moving... Are far more likely to be perfected of physical recreation, such as football and bicycling eat. Once the gray wolf population in the world that is over looked by many habitat... Bc alone animal benefited from the caribou ’ s only means of income gear do you take the...
Bd Armor And Clothing Replacer Cbbe, What Does A Bear Den Look Like, Settlements Expanded Se - Enhanced Landscapes Patch, Pi Kappa Alpha Penn State Address, Golden Sun Djinn Explained, Nad's Natural Sugar Wax, Kelly Services Memphis, Tn Locations, Bush's Honey Baked Beans Nutrition, Nzxt S340 Fans,
Suntem foarte mulțumiți de traducerile efectuate de echipa Dialect Group. Colaborarea noastră cu acest birou de traduceri a devenit una de durată.
Victor Afteni, Agenția de călătorii Explore, Moldova
Pe parcursul colaborării noastre, echipa Dialect Group a dat dovadă de profesionalism și responsabilitate. Suntem mulțumiți de calitatea traducerilor și realizarea lor în timp util. Încredințăm acestui birou de traduceri nu numai traducerea textelor de marketing, dar și a documentației.